Pakistan Affairs MCQs

Welcome to best Pakistan Affairs MCQs, your ultimate resource for mastering the intricate dynamics and diverse facets of Pakistan’s history, politics, economy, and culture. In this comprehensive collection of Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs), we aim to equip you with a deep understanding of Pakistan’s affairs while optimizing your search engine visibility.

What was the British response to the Sepoy Rebellion?

    They granted independence to India

    They intensified their policies towards the native population

    They withdrew completely from India

    They dissolved the EIC and assumed direct control over Indian territories

    2. What was the name of the united independence movement led by the Indian National Congress?

    British East India Company

    Mughal Empire

    Indian National Congress

    Muslim League

    3. What strategy did the British use to establish their rule in India?

    Alliance

    Divide-and-conquer

    Compromise

    Negotiation

    4. Which Indian troops were known as sepoys?

    Indian freedom fighters

    Britain’s Indian troops

    Gurkhas

    Mughal soldiers

    5. Why did high-caste Hindu troops object to crossing the Indus River?

    They were afraid of war

    They didn’t want to leave their families

    It traditionally resulted in a loss of caste

    They were loyal to the native rulers

    6. Was a factor in the distance between British officers and Indian troops?

    Experienced and capable commanders

    Conscious effort to show superiority

    Dropping the requirement for new officers to study the native languages

    Humiliating local soldiers

    7. What was the issue with the cartridges provided to Indian troops in 1857?

    The cartridges were heavier than usual making it difficult to carry during long marches

    The grease on the cartridges tasted of forbidden pork fat or smelled of cattle which Hindus considered as sacred

    The cartridges had instructions written in a language the sepoys could not read

    The cartridges were faulty and did not fire properly

    8. Why did the indigenous population of Oudh view the British-mandated inspection of landholdings negatively?

    They believed it would bring them prosperity

    They saw it as an effort to expropriate native property

    They saw it as a way to modernize their land

    They saw it as an opportunity to join the British Legions

    9. Who was the last Mughal emperor?

    Aurangzeb

    Shah Jahan

    Akbar

    Bahadur Shah II

    10. Where were sepoys relieved of their weapons during the Indian Rebellion of 1857?

    Kathmandu, Bhutan, Dhaka, Colombo

    Delhi, Mumbai, Hyderabad, Chennai

    Bangalore, Kolkata, Jaipur, Ahmedabad

    Lucknow, Agra (in north central India), Lahore, Peshawar, and Mardan (in what is now the NWFP)

    11. During the Indian Revolt of 1857, which group were the Indian troops loyal to?

    British

    Sithana revolutionaries

    Rebels

    Sayyid Ahmad Barelwi

    12. What happened to the deserting Mardan sepoys?

    Fined heavily

    Forced to work in labor camps

    Blown from the mouths of cannons

    Sent to prison

    13. Who was considered for taking control of Peshawar by Sir John Lawrence?

    Sir Henry Lawrence

    Dost Mohammed Khan

    British commander

    Lord Canning

    14. Who was considered the most dangerous rebel leader due to her bravery, cleverness, and perseverance?

    Rani Padmavati

    Lakshmibai

    Padmini Kolhapure

    Kasturba Gandhi

    15. Who commended the executions of the rebel sepoys?

    Sir John Lawrence and Robert Montgomery

    Subhash Chandra Bose and Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

    Rabindranath Tagore and Swami Vivekananda

    Mahatma Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru

    16. Who was the commander of the rebel forces defeated by the British?

    Colin Campbell

    Lord Canning

    Sir Hugh

    Tantia Topi

    17. What was the reason for the failure of the revolt?

    The rebellion lacked popular support

    There was no central command

    The British had superior weapons

    The rebels lacked resources

    18. Who were the leaders of the insurrectionists during the revolt?

    British politicians

    enlightened figures

    deposed princes

    Westernized classes

    19. Who was captured and hanged in April 1859 by the British?

    Bahadur Shah II

    Emperor Akbar

    Tantia Topi

    Shivaji

    20. What is the name given to the governor-general of India after the Government of India Act of 1858?

    Secretary of State

    President

    Viceroy

    Governor-General

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    21. What was the reason behind creating councils after the Government of India Act of 1858?

    To enforce strict control over the governor-general.

    To allow EIC directors and agents to ignore government’s wishes.

    To remove the position of governor-general altogether.

    To draft and pass laws with the viceroy’s approval.

    22. Who disbanded the Bengal Army and reformed the military during his tenure?

    Lord Cornwallis

    Lord Mountbatten

    Lord Curzon

    Lord Canning

    23. Which Viceroy introduced three new ranks for junior officers that gave prestige to locals?

    Lord Canning

    Lord Dalhousie

    Lord William Bentinck

    Lord Mountbatten

    24 .Why did the British view Punjab’s feudal rulers as obstacles?

    Contributing little, taking more than their share in taxes, and short-changing the British on their due

    Being Muslim rulers

    Having natural heirs to succeed them

    Actively opposing British rule

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    25. Which community was primarily selling their crops to Hindu merchants in Punjab?

    Jains

    Muslims

    Sikhs

    Hindus

    26. In which year was the Indian Councils Act passed?

    1865

    1858

    1870

    1861

    27. Who proposed the Indian Penal Code based on the laws of England?

    Queen Victoria

    Lord Canning

    Mahatma Gandhi

    Thomas Babbington Macaulay

    28 . Which British viceroy served during the Sepoy Rebellion and aimed to exclude well-educated Indians from senior civil service positions?

    William Bentinck

    John Lawrence

    James Bruce, eighth earl of Elgin

    Charles Canning

    29. Which British viceroy finally suppressed the uprising that lasted from 1858-1863?

    Lord Canning

    Robert Bulwer-Lytton

    Sir John Laird Mair Lawrence

    Lord Elgin

    30. Who initiated the infrastructure system in the 1850s that Lawrence improved upon?

    Mahatma Gandhi

    Lord Dalhousie

    Jawaharlal Nehru

    Lawrence himself

    31. Why did Sir Lawrence’s council reject the proposal of supplying grain to those affected by famine?

    Fear of Afghan intervention in the relief effort.

    No understanding of the gravity of the situation.

    Lack of resources in Orissa and Rajputana

    Interference with the laws of supply and demand and demeaning charity.

    32. Who became the ruler of Afghanistan in 1863 after the death of Dost Mohammad Khan?

    Sher Ali Khan

    Hamid Karzai

    Lawrence of Arabia

    Ashraf Ghani

    33. Who initiated a major policy change transferring more control over finances to regional authorities?

    Sir John Lawrence

    Sir Sayyid Ahmad Khan

    Lord Mayo

    Richard South well Bourke

    34. What played a key part in territorial dominance and allowed for quick movement of military assets in British India?

    Airports

    Roads

    Bridges

    Railways

    35. Who did Lord Mayo meet with in Ambala in 1869 to improve relations?

    Akbar

    Babur

    Aurangzeb

    Sher Ali Khan

    36. M.A.O stands For:

    Move As One

    Miss America Organization

    Muhammadan Anglo-Oriental

    My arrogant opinion

    37. Who founded the Muhammadan Anglo-Oriental (M.A.O.) College in Aligarh?

    Akbar

    Babur

    Lord Mayo

    Sir Sayyid Ahmad Khan

    38. Who was the driving force behind the creation of the Muhammadan Anglo-Oriental College?

    Ahmad Khan

    Mahatma Gandhi

    Muhammad Ali Jinnah

    Lord Mayo

    39. Who succeeded Lord Mayo before Thomas George Baring was appointed viceroy?

    John Russell

    Two provisional viceroys

    Robert Gascoyne-Cecil

    William Ewart Gladstone

    40. Who did the British encourage to consider himself an absolute monarch?

    The prince of Mysore, Krishnaraja Wadiyar III

    The nawab of Bengal, Siraj Ud-Daulah

    The khan of Kalat, Khodada Khan

    The king of Punjab, Sher Singh

    Pakistan Movement

    41. Who did the British dispatch to negotiate with tribal leaders upon failing to control them?

    Jawaharlal Nehru

    Sir Robert Groves Sandeman

    Indira Gandhi

    Rajiv Gandhi

    42. In which year were the Frontier Crimes Regulations implemented in the frontier and other tribal areas?

    1891

    1881

    1861

    1871

    43. Who unsuccessfully objected to the posting in Afghanistan?

    Lord Mayo

    Lord Northbrook

    Lord Curzon

    Lord Ripon

    44. What did Lord Northbrook abolish?

    Income tax imposed under Lord Mayo

    Business and commerce development

    Import of British manufactured goods

    Textile industry protection

    45. Who was the British viceroy who resigned in protest in 1876?

    Lord Dalhousie

    Lord Ripon

    Lord Hastings

    Lord Northbrook

    46. What was Lord Northbrook’s primary goal?

    Promote greater political autonomy for Indian states

    Regain British control over India and avoid the possibility of losing the colony entirely

    Increase Indian import duties on British textiles

    Encourage Indian manufacturers to produce more goods

    47. In which year was Queen Victoria proclaimed empress of India?

    1877

    1867

    1897

    1887

    48. What did Lord Lytton establish in response to the famine that began in 1876?

    Transportation Commission

    Famine Commission

    Agriculture Commission

    War Commission

    49. Which act effectively stifled reporting of news that put British actions in a negative light?

    The Arms Act

    Pitt’s India Act

    The Rowlatt Act

    Vernacular Press Act of 1878

    50. Who supported the ‘forward policy’ strategy of containing Russia’s expansion toward Afghanistan?

    Lord Lytton

    Sher Ali Khan

    Sir Sandeman

    Benjamin Disraeli

    51. Why did Lord Lytton declare war on Afghanistan?

    Sher Ali refused to grant a British emissary an audience and threatened to turn back any British diplomatic mission

    Lord Mayo refused to visit Afghanistan

    Sher Ali accepted Russia’s request to post an envoy

    The British supported Sher Ali militarily

    52. Who were the three commanders of the British forces that advanced on Afghanistan?

    Frederick Stewart, Samuel Ali, and Donald Roberts

    David Martin Luther, Samuel Johnson, William Robert

    Robert Browne, William Roberts, and Donald Martin Luther

    Frederick Roberts, Samuel Browne, and Donald Martin Stewart

    53. In the Treaty of Gandamak, what did Yaqub Khan receive from the British?

    Subsidy of six lakhs (600,000) of rupees a year

    Appointment as Governor of the British Indian Empire

    Control over Khyber Pass

    Complete British control over Afghanistan

    54. Who was the leader of Afghan forces in the Battle of Maiwand?

    Sher Ali

    Ayub Khan

    Zahir Shah

    Abdul Ghani Khan

    55. Which British viceroy succeeded Lord Lytton after the Second Anglo-Afghan War?

    Frederick Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood

    Robert Bulwer-Lytton

    George Frederick Samuel Robinson

    William Gladstone

    56. Who was recognized as the emir of Afghanistan by the British in 1880-1901?

    Dost Mohammad

    Sher Ali

    Habibullah Khan

    Abdur Rahman Khan

    57. What did the British development of cantonments at Quetta and other areas entail for the locals?

    Expansion of public services and facilities

    Provision of better infrastructure and job opportunities

    Eviction from their lands, leading to the suppression of local tribes and increased resentment

    Increased income and prosperity for the locals

    58. Who abolished the Vernacular Press Act during their tenure as viceroy?

    Lord Hardinge

    Lord Mayo

    Lord Curzon

    Lord Ripon

    59. What did Sir Sayed Ahmad Khan win recognition for in 1882?

    The establishment of a new university in India

    The principle of separate electorates for Muslims on Lord Ripon’s municipal councils

    The abolishment of the caste system

    The formation of a political party for Indian Muslims

    60. Who was the Viceroy of India when the Bengal Tenancy Bill was passed?

    Marquis of Ava

    Lord Ripon

    Lord Dufferin

    Frederick Symonds

    61. What was the name of the British Act passed in response to the working conditions and exploitation of labor force in the subcontinent?

    Stamp Act

    Slave Trade Act

    Navigation Acts

    Factor Act

    62. Which empire previously built a canal system to irrigate much of the Indus Valley?

    Marathas

    Mauryas

    Mughals

    Guptas

    63. Which lost city was discovered by engineers during the construction of the Lahore-Multan track?

    Rakhigarhi

    Mohenjo-daro

    Harappa

    Taxila

    64. Which British lord partitioned Bengal into two parts in 1905?

    Lord Curzon

    Lord Cornwallis

    Lord Dalhousie

    Lord Mountbatten

    65. Which movement advocated boycotting British goods as a form of protest?

    Non-Cooperation Movement

    Swadeshi movement

    Satyagraha Movement

    Quit India Movement

    65. In which city was the All India Muslim League founded in 1906?

    Dacca

    Mumbai

    Chennai

    New Delhi

    66. What were the principles stressed by the British government to gain Muslim loyalty?

    Segregation of Indian society

    Protection of Muslim liberties and encouragement of understanding between Muslims and other Indians

    Revolution against British rule

    Promotion of Hindu nationalism

    67. Who worked with John Morley to develop a framework that would give Indians more direct control over their government?

    Queen Victoria

    Robert Clive

    Winston Churchill

    Viceroy Minto

    68. What was the British stance on Muslim rights in the predominantly Hindu subcontinent?

    They actively worked towards suppressing Muslim rights

    They were against granting any rights to the Muslims

    They were indifferent towards Muslim rights

    They supported the concept of legal assurances for their recognition

    69. What was the monumental struggle for Muslim rights that saw its conclusion in the creation of the Republic of Pakistan in 1947?

    The political battle between Muslim and Hindu

    The struggle for workers’ rights

    An international conflict

    The rise of independence movements

    71. What was the Government of India Act of 1909 aimed at?

    Answering growing Indian demands for self-government

    Maintaining British rule with no changes

    Expanding the British Indian Army

    Encouraging British imperialism in India

    72. Which minority groups were to have their own representation in provincial legislative councils?

    The British, Portuguese, Dutch, and French

    Christians, Parsis, peasants, and the textile industry

    Buddhists, Jains, Hindus, and Zoroastrians

    Muslims, Sikhs, landowners, and the tea and jute industry

    73. What event led to sustained political protests by Hindus, which increasingly included violence and acts of terrorism against the British?

    The annulment of the 1905 partition of Bengal by King George V

    The formation of All India Muslim League in 1906

    The 1905 partition of Bengal

    British policies after the first decade of the century

    Pakistan Affairs MCQs

    74. What was portrayed as irreversible from the day of partition?

    British steadfastness

    The limits of independence

    The resistance among Muslims

    The decision

    75. What incident led to many young Muslims educated at colleges like M.A.O. to join the Muslim League?

    The destruction of a mosque in Kanpur by the British

    The independence of Pakistan

    The formation of the Indian National Congress

    The death of Muhammad Ali Jinnah

    76. Who were the new members that joined in 1913?

    Muhammad Ali Jinnah and Maulana Abul Kalam Azad

    Jawaharlal Nehru and Mahatma Gandhi

    Rabindranath Tagore and C. Rajagopalachari

    Subhas Chandra Bose and Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

    77. Who is considered to be the father of the nation in Pakistan?

    Nehru

    Gandhi

    Jinnah

    Patel

    78. Who unveiled the Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms in 1918?

    Frederic John Napier Thesiger

    Edwin Samuel Montagu

    Mahatma Gandhi

    Winston Churchill

    79. What were the Rowlatt Acts?

    Laws granting Indian independence

    Laws allowing preventive detention without charges or trial

    Laws mandating religious tolerance

    Laws banning trade with Ottoman Empire

    80. Who did the Muslims of India turn to for a suitable caliph after losing their political power?

    Mughal Emperor Akbar

    Tipu Sultan of Turkey

    Ottoman Sultan Mehmed VI

    Young Turks political movement

    Caliphate Movement

    81. In which movement did Muslims of South Asia in India protest for preserving the caliphate and Allied treatment of the Ottoman Empire?

    Non-cooperation Movement

    Quit India Movement

    Swadeshi Movement

    Khilafat movement

    82. What event led to the imposition of a ban on public meetings in India?

    Riots in Amritsar

    Sayyid Ahmad Khan’s stand on international affairs

    Passing of the Rowlatt Acts

    Opposition by Jinnah and the raja of Mahmudabad

    83. What incident became known as the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre?

    The Non-Cooperation Movement

    The Partition of India

    The Indian rebellion of 1857

    The firing of the British on a crowd

    84. Which leader resigned from the Congress Party in protest against the Khilafat movement?

    Nehru

    Jinnah

    Gandhi

    Patel

    85. What was the Hijrat movement?

    Artistic movement

    Religious gathering

    Emigration movement

    Political uprising

    86. Who succeeded Habibullah Khan as the Emir of Afghanistan?

    Mohammed Zahir Shah

    Hamid Karzai

    Mohammad Najibullah

    Amanullah Khan

    200 Best Pakistan Affairs MCQs

    87.What was the outcome of the Third Afghan War?

    The Afghan army successfully invaded and occupied Punjab

    An armistice treaty called the Rawalpindi Agreement was signed

    The NWFP area was included in the reforms of 1892 and 1909

    The British successfully carried a war to Afghanistan

    88.What did the British do to consolidate control over the tribal areas despite a commission finding?

    Encourage the growth of democratic and democratic policies in the region

    Reinstate local militias in charge of protecting British interests

    Grant self-rule to the border region

    Build more roads and only station professional soldiers under direct British command

    89. What were the Delhi Proposals?

    Proposals regarding representation of Muslims in legislative councils and government reforms in various provinces

    Proposals for one-third of the seats in the Central Legislature to be reserved for Hindus

    Proposals for the division of India into multiple states

    Proposals for a separate Muslim electorate in India

    90. In which year did Jinnah articulate the Fourteen Points?

    1929

    1947

    1905

    1935

    91. What became the blueprint for Muslim political aspirations for most of the next decade?

    The Fourteen Points

    The Nehru Report

    The Lahore Resolution

    The Simon Commission Report

    92. What was demanded by Congress at its annual meeting in 1930 in Lahore?

    Formation of a new Constitution

    Increase in British Power

    Britain to make a pledge for subcontinent to receive dominion status

    End of Political Dominance

    93. When did the Simon Commission release its report?

    Early 1930

    Late 1929

    Early 1931

    Mid 1930

    94. Who raised the possibility of Muslims forming a separate nation?

    Mahatma Gandhi

    Allama Muhammad Iqbal

    Subhash Chandra Bose

    Jawaharlal Nehru

    95. Where was the meeting of the All India Muslim League with Allama Muhammad Iqbal held?

    Kolkata

    Mumbai

    New Delhi

    Allahabad

    96. Who led the noncooperation movement in frontier areas?

    Mahatma Gandhi

    Muhammad Ali Jinnah

    Jawaharlal Nehru

    Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan

    97. What was the name of the organization founded by Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan?

    Indian National Congress

    All India Muslim League

    Muslim League

    Khudai Khidmatgar

    98. Which political organization formed an alliance with the Congress Party to pressure the British?

    Muslim League

    Khudai Khidmatgar

    Conservatives

    Labour Party

    99. In what year did the British convene a Round Table Conference in London to discuss new constitutional reforms?

    1931

    1945

    1929

    1930

    100. What did the Congress Party leaders threaten to do if the Nehru Report was not enforced as the constitution of India?

    Switch to supporting the Muslim League

    Support the Nehru Report quietly

    Boycott future constitutional discussion

    Join the constitutional discussion without the Nehru Report

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    101. What did the Hindus want in terms of government in the conference where 73 delegates attended?

    A powerful central government

    A government led by Muslims

    End to separate electorates for the minorities

    A loose federation of autonomous province

    101. What was the British government’s view of the Indian National Congress?

    • A radical organization demanding separation from Britain
    • A threat to British control in India
    • Key to developing a constitution for Indian independence
    • Unimportant to British colonial interests

    102. What strategy did the British use in the subcontinent?

    • Divide and rule
    • A unified and egalitarian approach
    • Localization and decentralization of power
    • Direct rule by the British colonial administration

    103. In which alliance did the Pashtun ally themselves with the Congress Party?

    • Muslim League
    • British East India Company
    • Maratha Sisodia Mughals
    • Khudai Khidmatgar

    104. Who invited Gandhi for a discussion on the subcontinent’s political future?

    • Akbar
    • Aurangzeb
    • Shah Jahan
    • Lord Irwin

    105. What was the purpose of the second session of the Round Table Conference?

    • To discuss topics unrelated to Indian politics
    • To decide whether or not to hold another conference
    • To address the composition of the central government and minority rights
    • To determine which countries should be allowed to attend future conferences

    106. Who proposed the Communal Award in August 1932?

    • Winston Churchill
    • Ramsay MacDonald
    • Tony Blair
    • Margaret Thatcher

    107. What right did the Communal Award guarantee to all minority communities?

    • The right to form a political party
    • The right of owning property
    • The right of a separate electorate
    • The right to vote without discrimination

    108. Which political group found the rights granted to lower castes in the Award completely unacceptable?

    • Congress
    • Muslim League
    • British Conservatives
    • Hindu political groups

    109. Why was Jinnah not invited to the Third Round Table Conference?

    • He was too busy practicing law
    • He was deemed unimportant
    • Conservatives in England considered him anti-British
    • He declined the invitation

    110. In which year was Jinnah reelected as the president of the Muslim League?

    • 1940
    • 1934
    • 1937
    • 1929

    111. What was the basis for a reform constitution in India during Jinnah’s time?

    Pink Paper published in March 1963

    White Paper published in March 1933

    Green Paper published in March 1943

    Yellow Paper published in March 1953

    112. What was the result of expanding the right to vote in India?

    • Increase in crime rate
    • Transformation of subcontinental politics
    • Severe droughts
    • Economic boom

    113. Which province refused to participate in the provincial elections of 1936-37?

    • Baluchistan
    • Punjab
    • Bengal
    • Sindh

    114. Which party won a majority vote and government seats in provincial government through coalitions?

    • Bharatiya Janata Party
    • Muslim League
    • Congress Party
    • Regional parties

    115. Which party gained control in the Muslim-majority provinces, though Muslim League didn’t win a single province?

    • Congress Party
    • Regional parties
    • Bharatiya Janata Party
    • Communist Party of India

    116. What was the first official pronouncement of the two-nation theory?

    • At a meeting in Delhi in Punjab
    • At a meeting in Chennai in Tamil Nadu
    • At a meeting in Mumbai in Maharashtra
    • At a meeting in Karachi in Sind

    117. Who announced India’s participation in the Allied cause during World War II?

    • Jawaharlal Nehru
    • Subhas Chandra Bose
    • Mahatma Gandhi
    • Viceroy Victor Alexander John Hope

    118. What was the Muslim League policy adopted in the Lahore Resolution?

    • Creation of a nation for Muslims with their own territory and state
    • Integration with Nepal
    • Secession from India and joining Iran
    • Formation of a coalition government with Hindus

    119. Which offer was made by the viceroy in 1940 to the Muslim League?

    • August Offer
    • Constitutional Offer
    • Independence Offer
    • Partition Offer

    120. Who arrived in India in March 1942 to appease Muslim concerns?

    • Clement Attlee
    • Winston Churchill
    • Richard Stafford Cripps
    • Neville Chamberlain

    121. Which political party gained more support in Muslim-majority areas during the famine in 1943?

    • Hindu Mahasabha
    • Muslim League
    • Indian National Congress
    • Dalit Panthers

    122. Who tried to convince Jinnah that Muslim demands for a separate state were folly?

    • Jinnah
    • Gandhi
    • Archibald Wavell
    • Congress

    123. What was the Wavell Plan?

    • A military strategy used during World War II
    • A treaty signed between Britain and India declaring independence
    • A political plan unveiled at a conference in Simla in northern India
    • An economic policy implemented by the British government in India

    124. Which political party opposed the idea of elections during Simla Conference?

    • Muslim League
    • Nationalist Party
    • Congress Party
    • Akali Dal and Panthic Party

    125. Who rejected Wavell’s plan for the formation of an executive council and drafting of a constitution after the election?

    • Patel
    • Gandhi
    • Jinnah
    • Nehru

    126. What was the primary campaign platform of the Muslim League?

    • Independent Muslim statehood
    • Social justice in India
    • United India
    • Economic reforms in India

    127. What was the Cabinet Mission Plan proposing?

    • Giving individual provinces complete autonomy without a national government
    • Dividing the nation into smaller states based on religion and language
    • Establishing a monarchy with absolute power
    • A single nation with a national government that would leave provinces virtually autonomous and free to write their own constitutions

    128. What was the purpose of Direct Action Day proclaimed by the Muslim League on August 16, 1946?

    • To call for massive displays of noncooperation that would bring business and commerce to a standstill
    • To establish Muslim dominance in Indian politics
    • To seek independence for India from British rule
    • To promote Hindu-Muslim unity

    129. Who was named as the finance minister in the interim government formed by Wavell?

    • Liaquat Ali Khan
    • Jawaharlal Nehru
    • Mohammed Ali Jinnah
    • Motilal Nehru

    130. Where did Liaquat Ali Khan graduate from before attending Oxford University?

    • Harvard University
    • Cambridge University
    • Aligarh Muslim University
    • Yale University

    131. Who was the first female Prime Minister of Pakistan?

    • Benazir Bhutto
    • Fatima Jinnah
    • Hina Rabbani Khar
    • Kalsoom Nawaz Sharif

    132. What was the campaign initiated by the British to suppress Muslim protests and groups in 1948?

    • Banning the Muslim National Guards and raiding Muslim League offices in Punjab
    • Providing financial assistance to the Pakistan movement
    • Arresting Hindu leaders in Lahore
    • Prohibiting Muslim women from participating in public demonstrations

    133. Who was the Finance Minister of the newly elected government?

    • Jawaharlal Nehru
    • Mahatma Gandhi
    • Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
    • Liaquat Ali Khan

    134. What did the All India National Congress call for on March 8?

    • independence of Pakistan
    • unification of India
    • deportation of Muslims
    • division of Punjab

    135. What was Lord Mountbatten’s alternative plan to partitioning India?

    • Giving Indian provinces the right to choose independence
    • Stopping the development and success of Pakistan
    • Dividing India into three separate nations
    • Forcing Muslims to leave India

    136. Which regions decided to join Pakistan in 1947?

    • Sindh and Gilgit-Baltistan
    • Baluchistan and NWFP
    • Kashmir and Punjab
    • Assam and Bengal

    137. On what date did Pakistan and India become independent?

    • August 13
    • July 4
    • August 11
    • August 15

    138. What issue did Pakistan face regarding its existence?

    • Choosing the wrong leader
    • Invasion from neighboring countries
    • Existing as two separate areas with little link except religion
    • Having a weak economy

    139. Which region was a source of conflict between India and Pakistan soon after Pakistan’s statehood?

    • Baluchistan
    • Kashmir
    • Sindh
    • Punjab

    140. Who was named as the first governor-general of Pakistan?

    • Jawaharlal Nehru
    • Muhammad Ali Jinnah
    • Mahatma Gandhi
    • Liaquat Ali Khan

    History of Pakistan

    141. What prompted mass migrations from India to Pakistan and vice versa?

    • Sectarian violence and communal riots
    • Economic instability
    • Political unrest
    • Natural calamities

    142. How many people had to abandon all their possessions in their flight during the partition of India and Pakistan?

    • 22 million
    • 10 million
    • 14 million
    • 18 million

    143. Why did Pakistan struggle to provide for the refugees after the riots and sectarian strife?

    • Insufficient resources in the country
    • Lack of support from other nations
    • Pakistan had no real administration and civil service had been predominantly Hindu
    • The riots and sectarian strife were too severe to manage

    144. Operation Gibraltar was a military operation launched by Pakistan in 1965 with the aim of:

    • Capturing Jammu and Kashmir
    •  Annexing Punjab
    • Liberating Sindh
    • Conquering Rajasthan

    145. What language did many in East Pakistan want to be the state language?

    • Urdu
    • Punjabi
    • Bengali
    • Sindhi

    146. What was the demand of university students in Dhaka in November 1947?

    • To make Urdu and English official languages
    • To make English the state language
    • To make Hindi the state language
    • To make Bengali the state language

    147. What was the main cause of disruption of Pakistan’s water supply?

    • Tsunami
    • Floods
    • Drought
    • East Punjab in India

    148. Which source rivers of the Indus remain on the Indian side of Punjab?

    • Narmada, Tapi, Mahi
    • Kaveri, Krishna, Godavari
    • Ravi, Beas, Sutlei, Jhelum and Chenab
    • Yamuna, Ganga, Brahmaputra
    200 Best Pakistan Affairs MCQS

    149. What was the reason for the dispute between India and Pakistan?

    • Demarcation of border
    • Distribution of natural gas
    • Overlapping territorial claims
    • Sharing of water from the Indus

    150. Which agreement was signed in Delhi related to the water dispute between India and Pakistan?

    • Kashmir Agreement
    • International Court of Justice Agreement
    • Pakistan-India Water Treaty
    • Inter-Dominion (Delhi) Agreement

    151. Which landmark treaty resolved the Indus water dispute between India and Pakistan?

    • Indus Waters Treaty
    • Water-Access Agreement
    • World Bank Treaty
    • Princely States Treaty

    152. Which state in northwest India had an 80 percent Hindu population but chose to join Pakistan during the time of independence?

    • Junagadh
    • Kashmir
    • Hyderabad
    • Jodhpur

    153. Which state was led by the Muslim nizam Osman Ali Khan Bahadur Fateh Jung and was forced to join India by Mountbatten?

    • Jodhpur
    • Hyderabad
    • Junagadh
    • Pakistan

    154. What percent of the population in Kashmir was Muslim during Maharaja Hari Singh’s reign?

    • 32
    • 78
    • 50
    • 92

    155. What was the name of the region that declared itself Free Kashmir after a revolt?

    • Ladakh
    • Jammu and Kashmir
    • Gilgit Baltistan
    • Azad Kashmir

    156. Who were the two former members of the Muslim League from East Pakistan who joined the United Front?

    • Krishak Sramik and Awami League
    • Husain Shaheed Suhrawardy and A. K. Fazlul Haq
    • Chaudhry Muhammad Ali and Jabbar Khan
    • Workers and Peasants Party and Muslim League

    157. Which country asked the United Nations to broker a cease-fire in Kashmir?

    • Nepal
    • India
    • Pakistan
    • Bangladesh

    158. Which region is called India-Occupied Kashmir by Pakistan?

    • Poonch
    • Srinagar Valley
    • Azad Kashmir
    • Gilgit and Baltistan

    159. What was the conclusion of the UN administrator in resolving the conflict in Kashmir?

    • To give complete control of Kashmir to India
    • To give complete control of Kashmir to Pakistan
    • To give complete autonomy to Kashmir
    • To split Kashmir, while putting off decisions on the future of Srinagar Valley

    160. What was Jinnah commonly called?

    • Prime Minister
    • Decree
    • Governor-General
    • Quaid

    BEST PAKISTAN AFFIARS MCQS

    161. Who emerged as Pakistan’s leader after Jinnah’s death?

    • Imran Khan
    • Pervez Musharraf
    • Liaquat Ali Khan
    • Ayub Khan

    162. Who became the finance minister in Akbar’s government to win the support of Punjabis and Bengalis?

    • Khawaja Nazimuddin
    • Malik Ghulam Mohammad
    • Chaudhri Mohammad Ali
    • Liaquat Ali Khan

    163. What was the primary institution through which locals could attain advancement and position in the British-controlled society of the Raj?

    • British Parliament
    • ICS (Indian Civil Service)
    • Indian Army
    • Indian Police Service

    165. What is the CSP sometimes called because of its crucial role in the administration of the nation?

    • The Pillar
    • The Steel Frame
    • The Foundation
    • The Backbone

    166. What happened to the CSP in 1973?

    • It became more politically powerful
    • It completely ceased to exist
    • It was disbanded and replaced by a combined administrative system
    • It merged with the Pakistani military

    167. How many registered factories were there in the subcontinent during partition?

    • 1,414
    • 14,677
    • 394
    • 106

    168. Who met in Delhi in April 1950 to seek a solution to the sectarian strife between Pakistan and India?

    • Liaquat Ali Khan and Jawaharlal Nehru
    • Claude Auchinleck and Liaquat Ali Khan
    • Mahatma Gandhi and Muhammad Ali Jinnah
    • Rabindranath Tagore and Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

    169. What was the agreement established between India and Pakistan to enforce minority rights?

    • Shimla Agreement
    • Tashkent Declaration
    • Liaquat-Nehru Pact
    • Simla Accord

    170. Which Pakistani prime minister called on US president Harry S. Truman in Washington, D.C. in 1950?

    • Muhammad Ali Jinnah
    • Pervez Musharraf
    • Liaquat Ali Khan
    • Benazir Bhutto

    171. Who drafted the Objectives Resolution for Pakistan?

    • Liaquat Ali Khan
    • Benazir Bhutto
    • Muhammad Ali Jinnah
    • General Zia-ul-Haq

    178. What was the Basic Principles Committee’s role in creating Pakistan’s constitution?

    • Creating committees
    • Ratifying the document
    • Drafting the document’s preliminary plan
    • Passing legislation until the constitution’s adoption

    179. What was the main reason behind opposition from East Pakistan to the plan?

    • Equal division of power
    • Lack of representation in lower house
    • Disagreements over the democratic nature of the republic
    • Disagreements over national language

    180. What was the reason behind some Pakistani army officers being dissatisfied with civilian rule?

    • The military establishment and staffing
    • India’s presence in disputed territory
    • The lack of further advancement
    • The government’s failed efforts to create a constitution

    181. What was the Rawalpindi Conspiracy?

    • A reformist movement started by Faiz Ahmad Faiz
    • A series of protests against British colonial rule
    • A plan to take over the government with subsequent rule by a military council of senior generals
    • A peace treaty signed between Indian and Pakistan

    182. Who was Liaquat Ali Khan?

    • An artist
    • A political leader
    • A military general
    • A scientist

    183. Who was elevated to the post of governor-general after Liaquat’s assassination?

    • Khawaja Nazimuddin
    • Malik Ghulam Muhammad
    • Jinnah
    • Chaudhry Muhammad Ali

    184. Which wing of Pakistan had the majority of the population at the time of independence?

    • West Pakistan
    • North Pakistan
    • South Pakistan
    • East Pakistan

    185. Who championed more autonomy for East Pakistan?

    • Sheikh Mujibur Rahman
    • Muhammad Ali Jinnah
    • Zulfikar Ali Bhutto
    • Liaquat Ali Khan

    186. What language did the leader argue was the only language that could facilitate communication among provinces?

    • Urdu
    • Bengali
    • Punjabi
    • English

    187. What did the Basic Principles Committee call for?

    • A parliament without a prime minister
    • A unicameral legislature
    • A bicameral legislature
    • Military rule

    188. Which group did Islamic theologians oppose for claiming a new prophet?

    • Sunni
    • Shia
    • Sufi
    • Ahmadiyya

    189. Which group founded the Khatam-e-Nabuwat (Seal of Prophets) movement in opposition to the Ahmadiyya sect?

    • Ahmadiyya Muslims
    • British government
    • group of ulama
    • Hindus
    200 Pakistan Affairs MCQs

    190. Who declared a state of emergency and dissolved the Constituent Assembly in October 1953?

    • Benazir Bhutto
    • Ghulam Muhammad
    • Pervez Musharraf
    • Mohammad Ali Jinnah

    191. Who was invited by Ghulam Muhammad to resume the office of prime minister and form a new cabinet?

    • Nawaz Sharif
    • Imran Khan
    • Benazir Bhutto
    • Muhammad Ali Bogra

    191. The report which attempted to redress the imbalance of power between East and West Pakistan presented to which Assembly?

    • Security Council
    • Parliament
    • United Nations
    • Constituent Assembly

    192. Who was named the commander in chief of the army by Muhammad Ali Bogra in 1954?

    • Liaquat Ali Khan
    • General Muhammad Ayub Khan
    • Jawaharlal Nehru
    • Muhammad Ali Jinnah

    193. Who went to New Delhi to meet Nehru and wrest an agreement for a plebiscite in Kashmir?

    • Dwight Eisenhower
    • Ghulam Muhammad
    • Nehru
    • Muhammad Ali Bogra

    194 In which alliance did Pakistan become a member to counter the spread of communism?

    • African Union (AU)
    • North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
    • Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO)
    • Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)

    195. What was the reason for the United States to provide military and economic assistance to Pakistan in the 1950s?

    • Counter India’s might
    • Promote democracy
    • Help Pakistan fight terrorism
    • Secure oil supplies

    196. What was the name of the pact that Pakistan participated in to strengthen relationships with other Muslim countries?

    • SEATO
    • UNSC
    • NATO
    • Baghdad Pact

    197. Which country’s base did the United States’s U-2 reconnaissance aircraft take off from?

    • Soviet Union
    • Afghanistan
    • Iran
    • Pakistan

    198. What was the goal of the plan proposed in the given context?

    • A 15% increase in national income over the period 1955-60
    • Reducing population growth
    • Opening all jobs to Civil Service of Pakistan personnel
    • A more equitable distribution of land in urban areas

    199. Who succeeded the Governor-General and favored a partial democracy with the majority of power vested in civil servants?

    • Zulfikar Ali Bhuttog*
    • Iskander Ali Mirza
    • Muhammad Ali Jinnahz
    • Benazir Bhutto

    200. Who was appointed as chief minister of the newly unified province of West Pakistan by Chaudhry Muhammad Ali?

    • Muhammad Ali Bogra
    • Congress Party member
    • Chaudhry Muhammad Ali
    • Khan Abdul Jabbar Khan (Dr. Khan Sahib)

    Conclusion

    In conclusion, we have explored the realm of Pakistan affairs through a meticulously curated selection of the 200 best MCQs. By delving into the country’s history, politics, economy, and culture, we have provided you with a comprehensive resource to deepen your understanding of Pakistan’s complexities.

    Also Read Best Psychology Mcqs For All types of Exams

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