Best Psychology Mcqs For All types of Exams

best mcqs for psychology
Best Mcqs For Psychology

In this blog post we share the best mcqs of Psychology, which are very helpful for the students of psychology and aspirants of various competitive exams.

Psychology MCQS With Answers

1. What are the three important terms used in the definition of Psychology?

  • History, economy, and culture
  • Mathematics, Physics, and Chemistry
  • Scientific study, behavior, and mental processes
  • Disease, cure, and prevention

2. What does scientific study mean in the context of Psychology?

  • Methodology used by psychologists
  • Observation of intuition and beliefs
  • Personal opinions and experiences
  • Superstitions and myths

3. Why is it suggested to supplement tests with other sources of data in a typical assessment plan?

  • To make more precise and accurate predictions
  • To get a second opinion about the test results
  • To prove the test results wrong
  • To show off the portfolio of the candidate

4. Can psychological tests always present a 100% accurate picture of behavior and/or mental processes?

  • Sometimes
  • It depends on the types of tests used
  • Yes
  • No

5. Which of the following is a limitation of tests?

Tests are not affected by subjects’ state of mind

Tests do not capture behavior in entirety

Tests capture behavior in entirety

Tests are always 100% accurate

6. How can tests be categorized?

  • On the basis of their shape
  • On the basis of their color
  • On the basis of their length
  • On the basis of their purpose

7. What is the purpose of psychological tests?

  • Predicting weather forecast
  • Measuring behavior/characteristics like personality, aptitude, intelligence, etc.
  • Evaluating physical health
  • Showing off achievement

8. What is the essential characteristic of a good psychological test?

  • Norm development and standardization
  • Artistic creativity
  • Validity and reliability
  • Availability and accessibility

9. What should be kept in mind while using psychological tests for assessing people?

  • Ethical standards
  • Religious beliefs
  • Personal biases
  • Money-making intentions

10. What is the most important ethical standard to be kept in mind while using psychological tests?

  • Confidentiality
  • Speed
  • Aggressiveness
  • Accuracy

11. Where did researchers and historians trace the roots of psychological testing?

  • China
  • U.S.
  • Africa
  • Europe

12. What was the civil service testing program developed by the Chinese more than 4000 years ago used for?

  • providing education to the citizens
  • identifying individual differences
  • determine work evaluations and promotion decisions
  • testing mental measurements of citizens

13. Which country’s civil service examination system was followed and copied by other nations?

  • United States
  • England
  • China
  • India

14. What is the significance of the competitive examinations developed by the American Civil Service Commission?

  • They were developed for overseas duties
  • They were administered for certain government jobs
  • They were significant in the Renaissance era
  • They were introduced by the French government

15. Which event led to the most significant shift in science and psychology in the 19th century?

  • The publication of On the Origins of Species by Charles Darwin
  • The development of more precise instruments by physical scientists
  • The rebirth of individualism
  • Gathering human knowledge through observations

16. Who proposed the concept of ‘survival of the fittest’?

  • Galileo
  • Newton
  • Einstein
  • Darwin

17. According to Darwin, why are individual differences important?

  • They provide materials for natural selection to act on
  • They cause confusion in offspring
  • They hinder evolutionary progress
  • They are irrelevant to natural selection

18. Who were the significant contributors to the study of individual differences and test development in the 19th century?

  • Abraham Lincoln, Martin Luther King Jr, and John F. Kennedy
  • Thomas Edison, Alexander Graham Bell, and George Washington Carver
  • Bill Gates, Steve Jobs, and Mark Zuckerberg
  • Sir Francis Galton, James Mc Keen Cattell, and Alfred Binet

19. Who gave the concept of ‘hereditary genius’ and was a pioneer of statistical correlation and regression?

  • Isaac Newton
  • Charles Darwin
  • Albert Einstein
  • Francis Galton

20. Who was the first to attempt to measure intelligence by investigating the role of heredity?

  • Galton
  • Einstein
  • Newton
  • Darwin

21. What was a particular concern of Galton regarding the hereditary basis of intelligence?

  • Techniques for breeding intelligence
  • Inheritance of genius
  • Sensorimotor tests to investigate individual differences in temperament
  • Interest in the measurement of abilities

22. Who is known to have given more importance to mental processes?

  • Alfred Binet
  • James McKeen Cattell
  • Charles Spearman
  • Francis Galton

23. Who developed the first formal measure of intelligence?

  • William James
  • Ivan Pavlov
  • Sigmund Freud
  • Alfred Binet

24. Who developed the first intelligence test in 1905?

  • Binet
  • Darwin
  • Simon
  • Einstein

25. What was the idea behind retaining tasks in the mentioned scale?

  • To discard tasks to identify dull students
  • To retain tasks that could be completed by the bright students
  • To retain tasks that could be completed by the dull students
  • To identify children by their gender

26. Who gave the first Stanford revision of the Binet-Simon scale?

  • Binet and Simon
  • William Stern
  • Charles Spearman
  • Lewis Terman

27. In what year was the first workable intelligence test published by Binet and Simon?

  • 1960
  • 1937
  • 1905
  • 1916

28. What abilities were emphasized in the problems of the first workable intelligence test?

  • The ability to judge, understand, and reason.
  • The ability to run, jump, and swim.
  • The ability to memorize, calculate, and read.
  • The ability to see, hear, and taste.

29. Which society used tests in their educational system?

  • Romans
  • Chinese
  • Greeks
  • Egyptians

30. Who developed the first proper test to measure intelligence?

  • Theodore Simon
  • Sir Francis Galton
  • Alfred Binet
  • James Mc Keen Cattell

31. Who led the establishment of the Ministerial Commission for the Study of Retarded Children, leading to the development of the first intelligence test?

  • Skinner
  • Freud
  • Jung
  • Binet

32. What was the need felt in the 19th century regarding mentally ill people?

  • To segregate them from society
  • To consider them as criminals
  • To detect them, differentiate from normal, assess problem, and treat accordingly
  • To ignore them

33. Who published a famous two volume book in 1838 on the understanding and treatment of mental retardation?

  • Esquirol
  • Freud
  • Piaget
  • Jung

34. Who developed the ‘physiological method of training’ for mental retardation?

  • Pavlov
  • Seguin
  • Freud
  • Skinner

35. Who was the main figure in the testing movement during the 19th century?

  • Albert Einstein
  • Charles Darwin
  • Sir Francis Galton
  • Isaac Newton

36. What did Francis Galton study?

  • The structure of atoms
  • Methods of space travel
  • The theory of relativity
  • Traits/ Characteristics in related and unrelated people

37. Who is credited with term ‘mental tests’ in psychology?

  • Sigmund Freud
  • Wilhelm Wundt
  • Francis Galton
  • James Mc Keen Cattell

38. Which psychologists held the common understanding that intellectual function could be measured by measuring sensory discrimination and reaction time?

  • Cattell and Galton
  • Freud and Jung
  • Maslow and Rogers
  • Pavlov and Skinner

39. What was the contribution of 19th-century experimental psychologists to the development of psychological tests?

  • Indirect contribution
  • Dominated the popularity and acceptance of psychological tests in their time
  • Developed objective measures for studying weather phenomena
  • Developed psychological tests similar to those created by Binet and Simon

40. What did the psychological experiments emphasize on?

  • Uniform patterns of behavior
  • The impact of individual differences on behavior
  • Designing experiments with no measuring instruments
  • Non-controlled conditions while testing
psychology mcqs
Best MCQS For Psychology

41. Who developed the first formal test of intelligence?

  • Stanford
  • Terman
  • Binet
  • Thorndike

42. How were the tests in the scale grouped according to age level?

  • The tests were randomly grouped
  • Tests passed by most children at a certain scale level were placed in the scale level meant for that age group
  • Tests were placed according to their difficulty level
  • Tests were grouped on the basis of children’s IQ scores

43. Who gave the first Stanford revision of the scale?

  • Stanford
  • Binet
  • Terman
  • L. M. Terman

44. What is the new concept in psychological testing that emerged in the early 20th century?

  • Group testing
  • Sensory tests
  • Individual testing
  • Role-playing tests

45. What is the main drawback of individual testing?

  • It is time consuming.
  • It requires more materials.
  • It is less accurate.
  • It is more costly.

46. Why could previously existing psychological tests not be used for group administration?

  • They were too easy for groups.
  • They did not measure responses accurately.
  • They required one to one administration and skilled examiners.
  • They were not compatible with performance materials.

47. Why did the need for group testing arise?

  • To administer tests to large numbers of people quickly
  • To individually assess intellectual levels
  • To examine the use of psychology in the war
  • To classify recruits based on physical fitness

48. Who appointed the committee to examine the use of psychology?

  • American Psychological Association (APA)
  • The army
  • The war committee
  • The government

49. How many recruits required screening during World War in 1917?

  • 1 million
  • 2 million
  • 1.5 million
  • 2.5 million

50. What were Army Alpha and Army Beta?

  • Specific duties in the army
  • Unpublished group intelligence tests
  • Types of military training
  • The first group intelligence tests

51. Who prepared an unpublished group intelligence test for the army?

  • Arthur S. Otis
  • Military strategist
  • Army psychologists
  • Multiple choice test developers

52. Why was intellectual ability testing important for the army?

  • To select, retain or discharge personnel and make decisions on duties and training
  • To eliminate soldiers based on health conditions
  • To segregate soldiers based on cultural or social differences
  • To promote soldiers based on expertise

53. According to Guilford, a trait is ?

  • a psychological disorder
  • a physical attribute of a person
  • any distinguishable relatively enduring way in which one individual varies from another
  • a temporary characteristic of an individual

54. What is the concept referred to when scores of various people are compared based on quantitative data?

  • Measurement
  • Quantization
  • Subjectivity
  • Assessment

55. What is the main idea conveyed in the given context?

  • Empirical properties of objects can be modeled by assigning numbers
  • Different tools can be used to measure the same characteristic or trait
  • One tool can be used to measure all aspects of behavior or thinking
  • Traits and abilities cannot be measured accurately

56. What is one of the purposes for which a diagnosis may be done using tests?

  • Political purpose
  • Entertainment purpose
  • Therapeutic purpose
  • Business purpose

57. According to the reading, can test results predict a person’s future behavior based on the day of test administration alone?

  • Not sure
  • Yes
  • Maybe
  • No

58. Which tests can be taken by a number of persons together on one occasion?

  • Subjective tests
  • Group tests
  • Objective tests
  • Individual tests

59. Which type of tests are usually based on multiple choice items?

  • Group tests
  • Individual tests
  • Achievement tests
  • Ability tests

60. Which type of test measures the effect of educational programs or trainings?

  •  
  • Screening tests
  • Aptitude tests
  • Achievement tests
  • Diagnostic tests

Best Psychology MCQS

61. What do aptitude tests measure?

  • The knowledge already acquired on a specific skill
  • The social skills of a person
  • The potential for learning a specific skill
  • The natural ability of a person

62. What is the key difference between personality tests and I.Q tests?

  • Personality tests can also assess I.Q
  • Personality tests do not yield information regarding I.Q
  • Both types of tests yield the same information
  • I.Q tests can be used for assessing personality traits

63. What do personality tests measure?

  • Intelligence
  • Typical behavior such as dispositions and traits
  • Emotional stability
  • Physical abilities

64. Which category of personality measures involves fixed response options for each item?

  • Projective tests
  • Behavioral observations
  • Open-ended questions
  • Structured personality tests

65. What is the main difference between structured and projective tests?

  • Structured tests have an answer key and are objective while projective tests are vague and require interpretation
  • Structured tests are more informative than projective tests
  • Projective tests only apply to children while structured tests apply to all age groups
  • Projective tests are easier to score than structured tests

66. Which personality test is an example of structured tests?

  • Rorschach’s Inkblots
  • EPPS or Edwards Personal Preference Schedule
  • Myers-Briggs Type Indicator
  • Stanford-Binet Intelligence Test

67. What is the primary component in most IQ tests?

  • Physical agility
  • Emotional intelligence
  • Verbal ability
  • Musical aptitude

68. Can standardized IQ tests be photocopied?

  • It depends on the country
  • No
  • Only with special permission
  • Yes

69. Which tests are primarily meant for research purpose and not for diagnostic or screening purpose?

  • Personality tests
  • Medical tests
  • IQ tests
  • Tests available to all

70. Which authors have placed their scales on websites for anybody to borrow and use?

  • Wallston and Walston
  • Sigmund Freud
  • Schwarzer and Jerusalem
  • Carl Jung

71. What are the three major contexts in which tests are used?

  • Political science, History, Geography
  • Sports, entertainment, literature
  • Technology, Space, Wildlife
  • Educational testing, Occupational testing, Clinical and Counseling Psychology

72. In which context are tests used in educational systems?

  • For extracurricular activities
  • None of the above
  • Only at the high school level
  • All levels and for various purposes

73. Which types of tests are used in the educational system?

  • Vision and hearing tests
  • Drug tests
  • Achievement, intelligence, special and multiple aptitude, and personality tests
  • Blood type tests

74. What do general achievement batteries generate?

  • Profiles of scores on individual subsets or in major academic areas
  • Profiles of social skills
  • Profiles of emotional intelligence
  • Profiles of physical health

75. What is an example of a test that measures mastery of basic skills in children?

  • IOWA Test Series
  • California Achievement Test
  • TABE battery
  • Stanford Achievement Test Series

76. What are the two forms in which the results of TABE battery are recorded?

  • Raw scores and weighted scores
  • Grade-level equivalents and developmental scores
  • Competency-based information and norm referenced scores
  • Standardized scores and percentile ranks

77. Which of the following is a college-level admission test?

  • GRE
  • LSAT
  • MCAT
  • SAT

78. What is the test program that includes the Reasoning Test and Subject Tests?

  • GRE
  • TOEFL
  • ACT
  • SAT

79. For what purpose do local universities also sometimes use the American university admission test?

  • Screening Purpose
  • Graduation Ceremony
  • Study Abroad Exchange
  • Sports Team Selection

80. Which of these statements about occupational testing using psychological tests is true?

  • There is only one type of psychological test used in occupational testing.
  • They can be used for prediction of job performance.
  • They are not commonly used in workplace settings.
  • They are only used for induction and shortlisting.
Psychology Mcqs

81. Which test is used when there is a need to trace or identify psychopathology?

  • MMPI
  • Five Factor Model Personality Inventories
  • CPI
  • HPI

82. What do psychologists use psychological tests for in treatment groups or hospitals?

  • Naming the mental disorder diagnosis directly
  • Measuring efficacy of medications administered
  • Diagnosis, general assessment, and gauging rate of recovery
  • Induction of panic and anxiety from patients

83. What is the main purpose of group tests?

  • Standardized norms
  • Personal rapport
  • Group administration
  • Individual administration

84. Which of the following is not an advantage of individual tests?

  • Administered individually
  • Personal rapport
  • Group administration
  • Chosen according to subject needs

85. What happens if the space under the slots has been darkened in answer sheets?

  • The space will be erased and counted as a wrong
  • The sheet will be discarded
  • The item is counted as right
  • The item is counted as wrong

86. What are test norms?

  • Scores on a measure used as standards
  • Standards against which test takers have to perform special functions
  • Scores used for refining existing machinery
  • Raw scores of psychological tests

87. What determines the meaning of scores on any test?

  • The difficulty level of the test items and the presence of norms
  • The motivation of the test takers
  • The intelligence of the test takers
  • The test-taking conditions

88. What do norms provide?

  • Study materials for the test takers
  • Standards to compare test takers’ results
  • Answers to the test questions
  • Questions for the test takers to answer

89. What is a standardization sample?

  • a measure of test performance on stress
  • a group of people whose performance on a specific test is taken as a standard or norm for comparison
  • the average score on a test
  • the distribution of scores in the population

90. What is the meaning of relative standing in the context of distribution of scores?

  • Comparison of two different populations
  • Position of a person in relation to the rest of other persons in a population
  • Score received by a person in a test
  • Analysis of absolute value of a score

91. What is the purpose of converting raw scores into relative measures?

  • To provide test performance related information and comparison with group norms
  • To reduce test accuracy
  • To confuse test takers
  • To make tests more challenging

92. What is a histogram used to represent?

  • The sequence of events in a story
  • The distribution of measured scores in the form of class intervals
  • The process of photosynthesis
  • The relationship between two variables

93. Which type of graph is used to present scores of frequency distribution in the form of mid-point indicated dots connected by a straight line?

  • Line graph
  • Frequency polygon
  • Pie chart
  • Bar graph

94. What is the middle most value in a group of data and considered as a central tendency measure?

  • Mode
  • Mean
  • Variability
  • Median

95. What is the formula for calculating the median?

  • n/2
  • n*2
  • n-1/2
  • n+1/2

96. What is calculated by taking the square root of variance?

  • Mean
  • Mode
  • Standard Deviation
  • Median

97. What are developmental norms?

  • Types of mental disabilities, Patterns of sleep disturbances, Stages of athletic training
  • Typical patterns or characteristics, and age specific tasks or skills of development at any age or stage of development
  • Test scores expressed in terms of%, Multiplication tables for kids, Multilevel marketing systems for adults

98. What is meant by ‘mental age’?

  • The age an individual wishes to be considered
  • The age level at which an individual can accurately perform tasks
  • The age of an individual’s brain         
  • The age at which an individual should graduate from school

99. What is one challenge with comparing one’s performance to developmental norms?

  • Developmental norms are too subjective
  • Comparing performance to norms is not helpful
  • There are no established developmental norms
  • Tests may measure different abilities or skills

100. Why are test scores based on developmental norms not psychometrically sound?

  • Not everybody attains the same MA in all tests or subtests
  • Developmental norms are unpopular
  • There is no standard for developmental norms
  • Mental Age is not a reliable measurement
Psychology mcqs

101. What is the problem of ‘scatter’ of scores in Binet’s scale?

  • It was not an age scale
  • Many subjects did not show uniform performance on all subtests of the scale/test
  • The scale was not frequently used
  • Items were not grouped in year levels

102. What is basal age?

  • The year at which a person passes some items
  • The year at which a person fails all items
  • The year at which a person fails some items
  • The highest year at which a person passes all items

103. What is the major shortcoming of using mental age as an indicator of intellectual ability?

  • Without a mental age test, intellectual ability cannot be determined
  • Raw scores are not reliable measures of intelligence
  • The standardization sample may not be accurate for all age groups
  • Mental age does not mean the same thing at different stages of life

104. What does MA refer to in mental age?

  • Muscle atrophy
  • Mental Age
  • Military Alliances
  • Mathematical Ability

105. What do grade equivalents represent?

  • number of children in a certain grade
  • average weight of children in a certain grade
  • scores on educational achievement tests attained by children in a certain grade
  • number of schools in a certain region

106. What does the grade equivalent of 7.0 signify?

  • The highest performance achieved by a 7th grader in the session
  • The average performance of a 7th grader at the middle of the session
  • The lowest performance achieved by a 7th grader in the session
  • The average performance of a 7th grader at the beginning of session

107. What is a possible complication when assessing students’ performance using grade norms?

  • Students’ progress at an equal pace across all subjects in the same grade
  • All students receive identical attention and learning in all grades
  • Individual differences in any grade can be so large that scores will vary over several grades
  • Grade norms ensure that teachers have accurate predictions of students’ test scores

108. Which psychologists made observations of behavioral functions of infants and children typical of successive ages?

  • Burrhus Skinner
  • Sigmund Freud
  • Carl Rogers
  • Gesell and his associates

109. Gesell and his associates claimed that children’s development involved:

  • Orderly progression of behavior changes and variations of developmental sequence
  • Random progression of behavior changes and variations of developmental sequence
  • Random progression of behavior changes and uniformities of developmental sequence
  • Orderly progression of behavior changes and uniformities of developmental sequence

110. Who introduced the specific concepts of Object permanence and conservation among others?

  • B.F. Skinner
  • Jean Piaget
  • Erik Erikson
  • Sigmund Freud

111. Piagetian tasks are designed to assess:

  • Emotional development
  • Cognitive development
  • Social development
  • Physical development

112. What are normal standard scores?

  • Scores expressed in terms of raw data
  • Standard scores expressed in terms of a distribution that fits an exponential curve
  • Scores expressed in terms of percentiles
  • Standard scores expressed in terms of a distribution that has been transformed to fit a normal curve

113. How is a T score obtained?

  • By multiplying the normalized standard score by 10 and adding or subtracting from 50
  • By finding the percentage of a person in standardization sample
  • By locating the percentage in the normal curve frequency table
  • By adding or subtracting the standard deviation from the mean

114. What is the Stanine scale based upon?

  • US Army
  • Associated Press
  • Time magazine
  • ‘Standard nine’

115. What does IQ stand for in intelligence measurement?

  • Intelligence Quality
  • Intelligent Questions
  • Intelligence Quotient
  • Internal Quadrant

116. What does an IQ of 100 represent?

  • Excellent performance
  • Average or mean performance
  • Poor performance
  • Superior performance

117. What is the deviation IQ?

  • A standard score
  • A type of ratio IQ
  • An absolute measure of intelligence
  • A score based on age

118. What does the deviation IQ assume?

  • That IQ is primarily determined by genetics
  • That majority of people have a low IQ
  • That IQ of individuals is normally distributed
  • That IQ is constant across all ages

119. Can an individual’s relative standing in different functions be misrepresented by the lack of comparability of the test norms?

  • Yes
  • I am not sure
  • Maybe
  • No

120. If an individual takes a verbal comprehension test and a spatial aptitude test, what can be determined?

  • The person’s height
  • The person’s ethnicity
  • The person’s age
  • His/her relative standing in the two fields

121. What is the danger of comparing scores from two different standardized tests?

  • The examiner may draw the wrong conclusions
  • The tests may be too easy
  • Students may cheat on one of the tests
  • It is impossible to compare scores from two different standardized tests

122. What is a longitudinal comparison?

  • Comparing scores from two different tests taken at the same time
  • Comparing scores from two different tests taken at different times
  • Individual’s scores on a specific test obtained over time
  • Comparing scores from two different students

123. What is one reason for varying scores on different tests for the same individual?

  • Some people try harder on certain tests
  • Everyone takes the test at different times
  • All tests are scored differently
  • Intelligence tests can differ in content with the same label

124. How might the units of scales on different intelligence tests differ?

  • The maximum possible score could be different
  • They will always be exactly the same
  • They are measured in different currencies
  • The SD could be different

125. Why do tests need to be designed so that they yield results in numeric form?

  • To describe test scores in a quantitative form
  • To make it difficult for the participants to answer
  • To simplify the scoring process
  • To make it more entertaining

126. What is the purpose of expressing ‘quality’ in a numeric form in psychological measurements?

  • To test only numerical skills of the subject
  • To increase the difficulty of the test for participants
  • To make the test more fun
  • To assign numbers to objects

127. What do national anchor norms provide?

  • Equivalency table for scores on tests of the same ability
  • Information about test administration
  • Analysis of test-taking skills
  • Detailed test scores

128. What factor should not be used as a single and fully dependable source of judgment when assessing the equivalence of scores?

  • National anchor norms
  • Detailed contents
  • Sample from which scores are obtained
  • Difficulty level

130. Which solution could be used to address non-equivalence of tests and their comparability?

  • Using national anchor norms
  • Standardizing tests on a larger population
  • Interchanging tests randomly
  • Using specific norms

131. What is purposive sampling used for in testing?

  • Using normative samples randomly
  • Controlling nonequivalence between tests
  • Selecting specific samples that fit the purpose of the test
  • Selecting broadly defined samples from broadly defined populations

132. What is the importance of having specific norms in testing?

  • They provide more accurate and useful results for subgroups
  • They only benefit the medical profession
  • They can be replaced with broadly defined population norms
  • They are not necessary for testing purposes

133. According to the passage, why might separate subscales or measures be needed for doctors working in different wards or areas of specialization?

  • They are from different countries
  • They have different education
  • They belong to different professional organizations
  • They undergo different types and levels of stress

134. What are local norms developed by?

  • Corporations
  • Standardized testing organizations
  • Academic institutions
  • Test takers themselves

135. What is the ‘fixed reference group scoring system’?

  • A system of scoring based on the distribution of scores obtained on the test from one group of people who took the test
  • A system of scoring based on random reference groups
  • A system of scoring based on the performance of individual test takers
  • A system of scoring based on normative evaluation of performance

136. When was the first administration of the SAT test?

  • 1956
  • 1926
  • 1946
  • 1936

137. Why was the SAT system changed in 1941?

  • Due to variation in students’ scores at different times of the year
  • To make the test easier
  • To increase the number of candidates
  • Because of government regulations

138. What was the purpose of the short anchor test in each form of the SAT?

  • To determine the mean score of the reference group
  • To eliminate common mistakes in the test
  • To allow translation of raw scores into fixed reference scores
  • To compare the scores of different reference groups

139. What is the ‘chain of items’ referring to in context?

  • successive forms of non-normative scores
  • chain stores in a shopping mall
  • historical chain of events
  • physical chain-link items

140. According to DeVellis (1991), what should be kept in mind while writing test items?

  • Complex definitions and generic items
  • Clear definitions and item specificity
  • Vague definitions and varied items
  • Specific definitions and vague items

141. What should be kept in mind while preparing test items?

  • The length of the test
  • The number of distractors in each question
  • The cost of printing the test
  • The level of test takers

142. What is the term used for items that include two or more ideas at the same time?

  • Double-barreled
  • Triple-barreled
  • Quadruple-barreled
  • Single-barreled

143. What is the name for a problem that arises when all the items in a test are negative?

  • Double negative response set
  • Selective bias response set
  • Positive bias response set
  • Acquiescence response set

144. In what way can poorly phrased questions make it difficult for test takers to understand the question?

  • The test taker may cheat
  • The test taker may give up
  • The test taker may not understand what is being asked
  • The test taker may become angry

145. What step is NOT involved in developing a test?

  • Deciding about the the format of the test and the test items
  • Analyzing the results of the try out
  • Including cultural, racial, and gender bias
  • Determining and formulating the observations of the test

146. What is most important in educational tests?

  • Use of complicated testing methods
  • Ignoring the importance of educational objectives
  • Evaluation of test results under a microscope
  • Formulation and use of educational objectives

147. Which of the following is included in Bloom’s Cognitive Domain?

  • Art
  • Physical Education
  • Comprehension
  • Listening

148. What is a table of specification used for in test development?

  • To randomly generate test questions
  • To analyze results of completed tests
  • To select testing locations
  • To specify content areas and corresponding objectives

149. What is the objective of screening tests?

  • Eliminate candidates based on age criteria
  • Improve the intelligence level of test takers
  • Test the theoretical approach of the test developer
  • Identify candidates who are most suitable for the job

150. How is the scoring of essay type items typically done?

  • ‘Holistic’ or ‘global’ scoring approach
  • Manually
  • By using scanners
  • Using a scoring key
Psychology mcqs

151. What is the most common scoring model used in standardized tests?

  • Analytic model
  • Objective model
  • Formal model
  • Cumulative model

152. Which is one of the scoring models?

  • Inter-personal scoring
  • Subjective scoring
  • Ipsative scoring
  • Objective scoring

153. Which of the following caution should NOT be followed while creating a test?

  • Make the test too easy that everyone can do it
  • Use jargon
  • Include cultural biases
  • Make the test too long

154. Why is it important for psychologists to estimate errors in their assessment or measurement?

  • To show their expertise in the field of psychology
  • Because the assessment may be used for serious decisions about someone’s future, education, profession, diagnosis of a condition
  • To make sure that their assessments are accurate
  • To prove that their tests are reliable

155. What are the three basic qualities of a good psychological test?

  • accuracy, precision, and variance
  • mean, median, and mode
  • reliability, validity, and standardization
  • correlation, causation, and control

156. According to Kaplan and Saccuzzo (2001), what is reliability?

  • The theoretical ratio of true score variance to observed score variance
  • The extent to which different tests yield equivalent scores
  • The extent to which a score or measure is free from measurement error
  • The consistency of scores obtained by the same person with the same test

157. According to classical test score theory, what is an observed score?

  • A totally error-free measure
  • True score of a test taker
  • Observed score is the score obtained on a measure plus error
  • An estimation of a person’s traits or abilities

156. What is the meaning of ‘error’ in this context?

  • A mistake made while conducting the test
  • An intentional deviation from true score
  • The amount and extent of variance that may be expected in results
  • The observed score minus true score

157. Which of the following is a test related factor that could cause error in measurement?

  • Multiple choice format
  • Uniform testing procedures
  • Physical setting
  • Difficulty level

158. Which of the following is NOT an examinee related variable in classroom quizzes?

  • Stress tolerance level
  • Motivation
  • Test administrator’s personality
  • Knowledge level

159. Is it possible to have a test that is 100% reliable?

  • Maybe
  • Not sure
  • No
  • Yes

160. What does coefficient of correlation denote in the context of testing?

  • The correspondence between two scores
  • The variability in test scores
  • The difference between two groups
  • The average of two measures

161. What does magnitude of a correlation indicate?

  • Direction
  • Value
  • Size
  • Coefficient

162. What is a positive correlation?

  • When scores on one set decrease and scores on other increases
  • When scores on one set increase and scores on other does not change
  • When scores on two sets of scores increase and decrease together
  • When scores on one set increase and scores on other decrease

163. What is the test-retest coefficient also known as?

  • coefficient of validity
  • coefficient of variability
  • coefficient of stability
  • confidence interval

164. What is a major drawback of using the same testing conditions on multiple occasions?

  • Many changes may take place in the test takers
  • Physical and environmental changes may interfere with testing conditions
  • Fatigue effect or practice effect may account for error variance
  • Testing conditions may not remain the same

165. Which reliability approach involves using different versions of the test on two occasions?

  • Test-Retest Reliability
  • Internal Consistency Reliability
  • Inter-Rater Reliability
  • Alternate-Form Reliability

166. What is the approach by a test developer to create identical parallel forms of the same test?

  • Trial and error approach
  • Parallel form approach
  • Semi-structured approach
  • Random selection approach

167. What is coefficient of equivalence or parallel form coefficient used for in reliability testing?

  • Determining the distribution of scores within a group.
  • Testing reliability across occasions.
  • Determining correlation between scores on two alternate forms.
  • Measuring the difference between two groups.

168. What is the ‘coefficient of stability and equivalence’ used to calculate?

  • practice effects
  • error sources
  • test-retest scores
  • correlation

169. Which type of reliability is a way to overcome the limitations of alternate form reliability?

  • Parallel form reliability
  • Inter-rater reliability
  • Split-half reliability
  • Test-retest reliability

170. What is Pearson’s r used for in determining the coefficient of internal consistency?

  • Dividing the test into equal number of items
  • Comparing results of different sets of items on the test
  • Measuring the temporal variation of errors on the test
  • Correlating scores on one half of the test with the scores on the other half

171. What is a better option while dividing items for a test?

  • Not dividing the items at all
  • Considering items based on their length
  • Dividing randomly
  • Considering odd numbered items in one half and even numbered items in the other half

172. What formula is used to adjust the half test relationship in terms of reliability check?

  • Einstein’s Theory of Relativity
  • Newton’s Laws of Motion
  • Pythagoras Theorem
  • Spearman – Brown formula

173. What is the Spearman-Brown formula used for?

  • Computing the internal consistency reliability of a test that has been shortened or lengthened
  • Understanding the test-taker’s motivation
  • Calculating the mean score of a group
  • Estimating the validity of a test

174. Which formula is used to calculate the reliability of a full test in split-half reliability?

  • Anastasi-Urbina formula
  • Kuder-Richardson formula
  • Spearman-Brown formula
  • Cronbach’s alpha formula

175. What makes a good multiple choice item?

  • All alternatives provided are good distracters
  • Being easy to answer
  • Only one correct option provided
  • Having a long answer stem

176. Who will know the keyed option in a multiple choice item?

  • Low scorers
  • High scorers
  • Examiners
  • Teachers

177. What does the ‘d’ value provide information about?

  • The level of difficulty of the item
  • The percentage of examinees who correctly answer the question
  • Whether or not the item discriminates between high and low scorers
  • The type of distracter used in multiple choice questions

178. Why is it important to have strong distracters in multiple choice questions?

  • To increase the difficulty level of the item
  • To decrease the likelihood of incorrectly responding without actually knowing the right answer
  • To decrease the time required to answer the question
  • To make it easy for examinees to choose the right answer

179. To determine the valence of each option for an MCQ item, what is calculated?

  • Number of students who got each option right
  • Average score of high and low scorers for each option
  • Percentage of responses to each keyed response and each distracter
  • Reliability Coefficient

180. What is the approach known as that takes into consideration the probability of answering, right or wrong, each individual item in a test?

  • Psychometrics theory
  • Item response theory or IRT
  • Multiple choice theory
  • Factor analysis theory

181. What does the graph containing information about the items in Item response theory known as?

  • Probabilistic Item graph
  • Theory-Item graph
  • Latent Trait graph
  • Item- characteristic curve

182. What are item-characteristic curves used to represent?

  • Item difficulty and item discrimination
  • Test taker demographics
  • Response time and errors
  • The test format and structure

183. What does the vertical axis of an item-characteristic curve represent?

  • Probability correct responses or the proportion of examiners responding correctly
  • Test taker confidence level
  • Total test score
  • Test taker ability

184. What does a steep slope on a graph indicate?

  • The test is easy
  • The test discriminates between high and low scorers
  • The test is not accurate
  • The test is hard

185. What does a positive slope on a graph indicate for an item?

  • It is a good item
  • It is a bad item
  • It is inaccurate
  • It discriminates low scorers from high scorers

186. What is the process called when a test is validated on different samples?

  • Regression Analysis
  • Correlation Analysis
  • Cross Validation
  • Data Analysis

187. What is the purpose of cross validation in testing?

  • To confirm the regression equation
  • To predict performance in the original test sample
  • To determine the item selection for a test
  • To have a better estimate of the test’s validity

188. What is meant by validity shrinkage?

  • The amount of decrease in the strength of the relationship from the original sample to the sample with which the equation is used
  • The act of selecting a new sample of test takers
  • The inclusion of irrelevant questions on a test
  • The improvement of validity index with a different sample

189. Why is validity expected to shrink during cross validation?

  • Possible chance variations
  • Incorrect calibration of test equipment
  • Lack of cooperation from test takers
  • Advancements in technology

190.Who influenced Jean Piaget’s theory of cognitive development?

  • Alfred Binet
  • Charles Darwin
  • Henri Bergson
  • Sigmund Freud

191. What was the name of Piaget’s method of investigation?

  • Behavioral study
  • Cognitive theory
  • Clinical approach
  • Structured observation

192. According to Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development, cognitive development takes place in how many stages?

  • 3
  • 6
  • 5
  • 4

193. What is a significant aspect of development during the Preoperational Stage?

  • Development of emotional intelligence
  • Development of language and symbolic thinking
  • Development of motor skills
  • Development of abstract reasoning

194. At what stage does abstract and logical thought develop?

  • Sensorimotor Stage
  • Preoperational Stage
  • Concrete Operational Stage
  • Formal Operational Stage

195. At what age do children typically learn the conservation of mass and number?

  • 3-4 years
  • 5-6 years
  • 8-9 years
  • 10-11 years

196. What is one area that causes concern for psychologists and educationists?

  • Linguistic difficulties
  • Emotional disabilities
  • Physical disabilities
  • Learning disabilities

197. When is the difference between IQ and achievement indicative of a learning disability?

  • Less than 1 standard deviation
  • 1.5 to 2 standard deviations
  • More than 3 standard deviations
  • Not mentioned

198. What is ITPA based on?

  • The theory that response to stimuli is not related to information processing.
  • The theory that inability to respond correctly to stimuli only results from defective output.
  • The theory that only defective input causes incorrect response
  • The theory that inability to respond correctly to stimuli does not result solely from defective output

199. What age group is the ITPA test designed for?

  • 18-21 years
  • 15-18 years
  • 2-10 years
  • 11-14 years

200. Which of the following is a commonly used measure of children’s achievement?

  • Stroop Test
  • Woodcock-Johnson Psycho-Educational Battery – Revised
  • Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory
  • Rorschach Inkblot Test

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